Mathematicians typically have a bachelor’s degree in mathematics. A bachelor or master degree may be sufficient for entry-level positions with the Federal Government or State Government. Mathematics education programs typically include coursework in linear and abstract algebra, calculus, mathematical analysis, probability theory, statistics, numerical analysis, discrete mathematics, topology, mathematical logic, and differential equations. Students also typically conduct research and specialize in a specific area of mathematics.

Many mathematicians have double majors in mathematics and a related discipline such as computer science, economics, engineering, life science, or physical science to be competitive in the field. Employment of mathematicians is projected to increase as technological advancements emerge and the need for employees with specialized mathematical knowledge will have to drive job growth.

Job prospects are expected to be good with keen competition. Mathematicians with graduate or doctorate degrees and specialized mathematical knowledge will have the best prospects. A career as a mathematician is a great choice for people with a strong interest in mathematics and for those who enjoy working with numbers on a daily basis. Mathematicians need to have good reasoning ability to recognize, evaluate, and apply basic principles to technical issues. Good communication skills, detail orientation, good problem solving skills, and a high level of intellectual talent are essential traits.