CIVIL ENGINEERING

What do Civil Engineers do?

Civil Engineers design and supervise the construction of infrastructure, including estimating costs for labor and materials, supervising the completion of projects and ensuring that projects are completed on time and within budget. The types of infrastructure that civil engineers are responsible for include buildings, building complexes, railroads, dams, bridges, roads, airports, tunnels and water supply systems. Some civil engineers specialize in particular areas, such as structures or transportation, while others may work for government bodies and supervise a wide variety of projects.What kind of training does a Civil Engineer need?
To qualify for entry level to read Bachelor- engineering degree programs, universities emphasize at least a credit in Math, English and sciences subjects particularly Chemistry, Physics, Biology and related subjects.
More so, graduate civil engineers work under supervision to learn the job and gain the experience.

Advancement in civil engineering careers can be done by completing additional certifications in specialized areas of engineering, such as structural design, construction engineering and management, transportation or water resources management, or by continuing your education at a post graduate level. Some of the concentrations of civil engineering include;

• Environmental Engineering
Focuses on pollution reduction, hazardous waste management, green engineering while mitigating the effects of accidental contamination, this is a good specialty for degree seekers interested in keeping the environment clean.

• Construction Engineering
Construction engineers tend to be the ‘general contractors’ of the civil engineering world. They oversee large scale public projects that require the inputs of a pool of civil engineers. This is a good specialty for anyone whose engineering interest span a number of different topics and interest.

• Structural Engineering
Structural engineers are what most people think of when they talk of civil engineers. They draw up blue prints for towers, bridges, tunnels, buildings and other structures to make sure they are safe for their occupants and the surrounding civil environment. Structural engineers have to contend with wind, seismic, and are responsible for skylines all over the world

• Geotechnical Engineering
Specializing in soil geology, geotechnical engineers are essential for any large scale new construction project. Geotechnical engineers

Career Prospects in Civil Engineering
As population increases, old roads, bridges and buildings becomes in need of repair and maintenance, the demand for preservation, replacement and creation of new structures will continue to rise. Civil engineers play a key role in designing, constructing and repairing the infrastructure that supports our lives and our lifestyles and will continue to be a crucial component in meeting this demand.

The country’s growing population and the increase in demand for expanded transportation and water supply systems, additional residential buildings, and other population support structures, the need to complete necessary repairs and replacement of bridges, roads, railroads and buildings will also increase the demand for civil engineers. The base range for civil engineer salary is dependent on a number of factors including level of education and experience, additional certifications acquired, whether they work for the local, state or federal government or are in the private sector, and geographical location.

Civil engineering is one of the most popular disciplines within the engineering field. People who enjoy designing structures and seeing projects through from concept to completion will find civil engineering career a rewarding choice.

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